Study of the biological significance of cytochrome methylation. I. Thermal, acid and guanidinium hydrochloride denaturations of baker's yeast ferricytochromes c

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1976 Sep 28;446(1):310-20. doi: 10.1016/0005-2795(76)90121-5.


The iso-cytochromes c from baker's yeast: iso-1 methylated and unmethylated forms and iso-2 have been purified and their stabilities towards denaturants compared to that of horse heart cytochrome c. Thermal, acid and guanidinium hydrochloride denaturations were followed using fluorescence emission of their tryptophan 59 and/or the absorbance in the Soret region as the physical parameters. Very few differences could be evidenced among the ferricytochromes investigated in this study insofar as the acid denaturations are concerned. This is to be contrasted with the conclusions of the thermal and guanidinium hydrochloride denaturations studies which clearly showed the ferricytochrome from horse heart to be much more stable than those from baker's yeast. No appreciable differences could be measured among the methylated and unmethylated forms of iso-1 cytochrome c nor among iso-1 and iso-2 cytochromes from baker's yeast. Our results suggest that a stabilizing effect of methylation on the tridimensional structure of ferricytochrome c must probably be discarded. Other possible physiological roles of methylation are suggested taking into account the relative instability of ascomycetes's cytochromes as compared to mammalian ones.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Cytochrome c Group / isolation & purification
  • Cytochrome c Group / metabolism
  • Guanidines
  • Horses
  • Hot Temperature
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Mathematics
  • Myocardium / enzymology
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence


  • Cytochrome c Group
  • Guanidines