Identification of APC2, a homologue of the adenomatous polyposis coli tumour suppressor

Curr Biol. 1999 Jan 28;9(2):105-8. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(99)80024-4.


The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumour-suppressor protein controls the Wnt signalling pathway by forming a complex with glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta), axin/conductin and betacatenin. Complex formation induces the rapid degradation of betacatenin. In colon carcinoma cells, loss of APC leads to the accumulation of betacatenin in the nucleus, where it binds to and activates the Tcf-4 transcription factor (reviewed in [1] [2]). Here, we report the identification and genomic structure of APC homologues. Mammalian APC2, which closely resembles APC in overall domain structure, was functionally analyzed and shown to contain two SAMP domains, both of which are required for binding to conductin. Like APC, APC2 regulates the formation of active betacatenin-Tcf complexes, as demonstrated using transient transcriptional activation assays in APC -/- colon carcinoma cells. Human APC2 maps to chromosome 19p13.3. APC and APC2 may therefore have comparable functions in development and cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / genetics*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / chemistry
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics*
  • Genes, APC*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neuropeptides / chemistry
  • Neuropeptides / genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Serine Endopeptidases / chemistry
  • Serine Endopeptidases / genetics*


  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Neuropeptides
  • adenomatous polyposis coli protein 2
  • Serine Endopeptidases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF091430
  • GENBANK/AJ012652
  • GENBANK/AJ130783
  • GENBANK/AJ130784
  • GENBANK/AJ130785
  • GENBANK/AJ130786
  • GENBANK/AJ130787
  • GENBANK/AJ130788
  • GENBANK/AJ130789
  • GENBANK/AJ130790
  • GENBANK/AJ130791
  • GENBANK/AJ130792
  • GENBANK/AJ130793
  • GENBANK/AJ130794
  • GENBANK/AJ130795
  • GENBANK/AJ130796
  • GENBANK/AJ131187