Genotyping of adrenocortical tumors: very frequent deletions of the MEN1 locus in 11q13 and of a 1-centimorgan region in 2p16

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Feb;84(2):730-5. doi: 10.1210/jcem.84.2.5506.


To identify chromosomal regions that may contain loci for tumor suppressor genes involved in adrenocortical tumor development, a panel of 60 tumors (39 carcinomas and 21 adenomas) were screened for loss of heterozygosity. Although the vast majority of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) were detected in the carcinomas and involved chromosomes 2, 4, 11, and 18, only few were found in the adenomas. Therefore, 2 loci that harbor the familial cancer syndromes Carney complex in 2p16 and the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 gene in 11q13 were further studied in 27 (13 carcinomas and 14 adenomas) of the 60 tumors. Detailed analysis of the 2p16 region mapped a minimal area of overlapping deletions to a 1-centimorgan region, which is separate from the Carney complex locus. LOH for a microsatellite marker (PYGM), very close to the MEN1 gene, was detected in all 8 informative carcinomas (100%) and in 2 of 14 adenomas. Of the 27 cases analyzed in detail, 13 cases (11 carcinomas and 2 adenomas) showed LOH on chromosome 11 and was therefore selected for MEN1 gene mutation analysis. In 6 cases a common polymorphism (Asp418Asp) was found, but no mutation was detected. In conclusion, our data indicate the existence of tumor suppressor genes at multiple chromosomal locations, whose inactivations are involved in the development of adrenocortical carcinomas. Loss of genetic material from 2p16 was strongly associated with the malignant phenotype, as it was seen in almost all carcinomas but not in any of the adenomas. LOH in 11q13 also occurred frequently in the carcinomas, but was not associated with a MEN1 mutation, suggesting the involvement of a different tumor suppressor gene on this chromosome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / genetics
  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion*
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor
  • Genotype*
  • Humans
  • Loss of Heterozygosity
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 / genetics*