Changes in surface EMG parameters during static and dynamic fatiguing contractions

J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 1999 Feb;9(1):39-46. doi: 10.1016/s1050-6411(98)00021-2.


The effect of contraction types on muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV), median frequency (MDF) and mean amplitude (AMP) of surface electromyography was examined in the vastus lateralis of 19 healthy male adults. The subjects performed knee extension both statically and dynamically until they were exhausted. The static contraction was a sustained isometric extension of the knee at a joint angle of 90 degrees with 50% of the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) load. The dynamic contraction was a repetitive isotonic extension of the knee between the angles of 90 degrees and 180 degrees with the same 50% MVC load at a frequency of 10 times per minute. MFVC during the static contraction significantly decreased during the exercise (p < 0.01). On the other hand, MFVC during the dynamic contraction did not significantly change throughout the exercise. MDF decreased and AMP increased during both types of contractions (p < 0.01). Because the blood flow within the muscle is maintained during the dynamic contraction by enhanced venous return from the contracting muscle, these results suggested that MFVC is affected by the metabolic state in the muscle and the changes in MDF cannot be explained only by that of MFVC.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Temperature
  • Electromyography
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction / physiology*
  • Knee / physiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Reference Values