Broad-host-range expression vectors that carry the L-arabinose-inducible Escherichia coli araBAD promoter and the araC regulator

Gene. 1999 Feb 18;227(2):197-203. doi: 10.1016/s0378-1119(98)00601-5.


We describe the development and analysis of broad-host-range (BHR) cloning vectors that carry the araC-PBAD controlled expression cassette from Escherichia coli. These plasmids are designed to facilitate l-arabinose-responsive control of target genes in a variety of Gram-negative bacterial hosts. BHR PBAD::lacZ fusions were used to analyze the utility of this controlled expression system in the plant pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens. In A. tumefaciens, the level of control afforded is significant, although less stringent than that observed in E. coli. The BHR PBAD vectors offer a useful alternative to currently used controlled expression systems, and can be employed in conjunction with other regulated promoters to simultaneously regulate expression of multiple genes. Addition of a variety of carbon sources, namely C4 acids and the anti-inducer d-fucose, allows modulation of l-arabinose induction. Activation of PBAD expression in A. tumefaciens requires a plasmid-borne copy of araC, and is not affected by endogenous regulators.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens / genetics*
  • Arabinose / genetics
  • Arabinose / pharmacology*
  • Base Sequence
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Fucose / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / genetics
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics
  • Genes, araC / genetics*
  • Genetic Vectors / genetics*
  • Lac Operon / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plasmids / genetics


  • Fucose
  • Arabinose

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF179381