Cloning, expression, and purification of cytidine deaminase from Arabidopsis thaliana

Protein Expr Purif. 1999 Feb;15(1):8-15. doi: 10.1006/prep.1998.0959.


The complementary DNA (cDNA) coding for Arabidopsis thaliana cytidine deaminase 1 (AT-CDA1) was obtained from the amplified A. thaliana cDNA expression library, provided by R. W. Davis (Stanford University, CA). AT-CDA1 cDNA was subcloned into the expression vector pTrc99-A and the protein, expressed in Escherichia coli following induction with isopropyl 1-thio-beta-d-galactopyranoside, showed high cytidine deaminase activity. The nucleotide sequence showed a 903-bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 301 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 32,582. The deduced amino acid sequence of AT-CDA1 showed no transit peptide for targeting to the chloroplast or mitochondria indicating that this form of cytidine deaminase is probably expressed in the cytosol. The recombinant AT-CDA1 was purified to homogeneity by a heat treatment followed by an ion-exchange chromatography. The final enzyme preparation was >98% pure as judged by SDS-PAGE and showed a specific activity of 74 U/mg. The molecular mass of AT-CDA1 estimated by gel filtration was 63 kDa, indicating, in contrast to the other eukaryotic CDAs, that the enzyme is a dimer composed of two identical subunits. Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy analysis indicated that the enzyme contains 1 mol of zinc atom per mole of subunit. The kinetic properties of AT-CDA1 both toward the natural substrates and with analogs indicated that the catalytic mechanism of the plant enzyme is probably very similar to that of the human the E. coli enzymes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Arabidopsis / enzymology*
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular / methods
  • Cytidine Deaminase / genetics*
  • Cytidine Deaminase / isolation & purification
  • Cytidine Deaminase / metabolism*
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Cytidine Deaminase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ005261