Chronic urticaria and angioedema associated with thyroid autoimmunity: review and therapeutic implications

J Am Acad Dermatol. 1999 Feb;40(2 Pt 1):229-32. doi: 10.1016/s0190-9622(99)70193-3.


Thyroid autoimmunity has been increasingly reported to be associated with chronic urticaria and angioedema. The administration of thyroid hormone may alleviate chronic urticaria and/or angioedema in selected patients. This review focuses on the association of thyroid autoimmunity with chronic urticaria and/or angioedema. Recommendations for the therapeutic use of thyroid hormone in such patients are presented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angioedema / etiology
  • Autoimmunity*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Thyroid Diseases / complications*
  • Thyroid Diseases / drug therapy
  • Thyroid Diseases / immunology
  • Thyroid Gland / immunology*
  • Thyroid Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Urticaria / etiology*


  • Thyroid Hormones