-Gingerol, a major pungent ingredient found in the rhizome of ginger, has been reported to possess a strong antiinflammatory activity, which is considered to be closely associated with its cancer chemopreventive potential. -Paradol, another pungent phenolic substance found in ginger and other Zingiberaceae plants, also has a vanilloid structure found in other chemopreventive phytochemicals including curcumin. In the present study, -gingerol and -paradol were found to exert inhibitory effects on the viability and DNA synthesis of human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. The cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects of both compounds were associated with apoptotic cell death. The above results suggest that -gingerol and -paradol possess potential cytotoxic/cytostatic activities.