Outcome of occupational asthma due to platinum salts after transferral to low-exposure areas

Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1999 Jan;72(1):33-9. doi: 10.1007/s004200050331.


Objective: To assess the health effects of transferral to low-exposure jobs on subjects with occupational asthma (OA).

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey of 83 workers in 2 platinum (Pt) refineries and 2 catalyst production plants, all with diagnosed OA due to Pt salts. In all, 9 workers (group A; 11%) continued to be exposed at the time of examination, 16 subjects (group B; 19%) had been transferred to other workplaces within the production building, 39 subjects (group C; 47%) had been transferred to areas outside the building but inside the plant, and 19 subjects (group D; 23%) had left the plant. The median period from transferral to examination was 54 months (lower quartile 23 months, upper quartile 84 months, n = 74). Symptoms, skin-prick tests (SPT) with environmental allergens and Pt salt, total serum IgE, lung function, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness were assessed by standard procedures.

Results: Asthma symptoms were reported by all subjects in the production area but by only 37 of 74 subjects (50%) after transferral, with no difference being found between groups B, C, and D. Both the proportion of subjects sensitized to Pt salts (100%, 88%, 67%, and 42% in groups A, B, C, and D, respectively) and the degree of sensitization were associated with exposure (P < 0.0002). Total IgE was higher in group A as compared with groups B, C, or D (P < 0.002). There was no association between bronchial hyperresponsiveness and exposure. Although no univariate difference in FEV1 was found between the groups, regression analysis showed an association between FEV1 and exposure (P < 0.002). In all, 13 subjects demonstrated a predicted FEV1 value of <80% (22%, 6%, 10%, and 32% in groups A, B, C, and D, respectively). They were older (median 49 versus 37 years; P < 0.002) and had worked over longer periods in high-exposure areas in spite of symptoms (median 43 versus 10 months; P < 0.003). Fifteen subjects of groups C or D had been removed from areas B previously, eight of them due to respiratory symptoms.

Conclusions: For the majority of subjects with OA due to Pt salts transfer to low exposure areas as defined in this study may not be associated with a more unfavorable outcome as compared with complete removal from exposure sources.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Asthma / chemically induced*
  • Asthma / rehabilitation
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / blood
  • Male
  • Metallurgy
  • Occupational Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Occupational Diseases / rehabilitation
  • Occupational Exposure / prevention & control*
  • Platinum Compounds / adverse effects*
  • Regression Analysis


  • Platinum Compounds
  • Immunoglobulin E