Genetic control of branching in Arabidopsis and tomato

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 1999 Feb;2(1):51-5. doi: 10.1016/s1369-5266(99)80010-7.


The patterns of axillary bud formation and the growth characteristics of side-shoots determine to a large extent the form of plants. Characterization of mutants in the monopodial plant Arabidopsis thaliana and in the sympodial tomato, as well as cloning of some of the respective genes, contributes to a better understanding of side-shoot development. Genes have been identified that influence the initiation of axillary meristems and the pattern of their subsequent development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
  • Genes, Plant
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / genetics
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / growth & development*
  • Meristem / growth & development
  • Plant Growth Regulators / physiology
  • Plant Leaves / growth & development


  • Plant Growth Regulators