Identification of a novel domain shared by putative components of the endocytic and cytoskeletal machinery

Protein Sci. 1999 Feb;8(2):435-8. doi: 10.1110/ps.8.2.435.


We have identified a approximately 140 amino acid domain that is shared by a variety of proteins in budding and fission yeast, nematode, rat, mouse, frog, oat, and man. Typically, this domain is located within 20 residues of the N-terminus of the various proteins. The percent identity among the domains in the 12 proteins ranges from 42 to 93%, with 16 absolutely conserved residues: N-x(11-13)-V-x2-A-T-x(34-36)-R-x(7-8)-W-R-x3-K-x12-G-x-E-x15 -L-x11-12-D-x-G-R-x11-D-x7-R. Even though these proteins share little beyond their segment of homology, data are emerging that several of the proteins are involved in endocytosis and or regulation of cytoskeletal organization. We have named this protein segment the ENTH domain, for Epsin N-terminal Homology domain, and hypothesize that it is a candidate for binding specific ligands and/or enzymatic activity in the cell.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Animals
  • Avena / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / analysis
  • Clathrin / metabolism
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / analysis*
  • Cytoskeleton / physiology*
  • Endocytosis / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Nematoda / genetics
  • Neuropeptides / analysis
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary*
  • Rats
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins*
  • Xenopus / genetics
  • Yeasts / genetics


  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Clathrin
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Neuropeptides
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins
  • epsin