Purpose: To investigate whether an injection of plasmin and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) can induce posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) without vitrectomy.
Methods: One eye each of 15 New Zealand white rabbits was assigned to one of three groups. Eyes in group 1 received a vitreous injection of 1 unit of human plasmin (0.1 mL reconstituted in balanced salt solution) and 0.5 mL of SF6; eyes in group 2 received a vitreous injection of plasmin alone; eyes in group 3 received a vitreous injection of SF6 alone. Seven days after injection, all animals were monitored electroretinographically and killed, and the eyes were enucleated. After fixation, scanning electron microscopy was performed.
Results: In group 1 eyes, the retinal surface was smooth except for the vitreous base, which showed complete separation of the vitreous cortex from the retina, indicating PVD. In group 2 and 3 eyes, sparse collagen fibers remained on the retinal surface.
Conclusion: Vitreous injection of plasmin combined with SF6 can induce PVD without vitrectomy.