Eukaryotic porins or VDACs (Voltage-Dependent Anion-selective Channels) are integral membrane proteins forming large hydrophilic pores. Three functioning genes for VDAC isoforms have been detected in mouse and the corresponding cDNAs are known also in humans. Tissue-specific VDAC isoform 1 (HVDAC1) deficiency in human skeletal muscle is responsible of a rare mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, fatal in childhood. Since coding sequences are not affected in the patient, we focused our interest in the gene structure. HVDAC1 and 2 have been previously mapped at chromosomes Xq13-21 and 21, respectively. Screening of an human chromosome X cosmid library resulted only in the isolation of processed pseudogenes, finely mapped at Xq22 and Xp11.2. Here, we report the mapping of HVDAC1 to chromosome 5q31 and HVDAC2 to chromosome 10q22 by FISH. Exon/intron probes, designed on the basis of the mouse gene structures, were obtained by long extension PCR amplification using the whole genomic DNA as a template. The sequence of the probe extremities clearly pointed to a genuine VDAC genomic sequence. Human and mouse regions where VDAC 1 and 2 genes were mapped are known to be synthetic, thus reinforcing the mapping of the human homologues.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.