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Comparative Study
. 1999 Mar;55(3):614-24.

Patterns of A2A Extracellular Adenosine Receptor Expression in Different Functional Subsets of Human Peripheral T Cells. Flow Cytometry Studies With anti-A2A Receptor Monoclonal Antibodies

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  • PMID: 10051547
Comparative Study

Patterns of A2A Extracellular Adenosine Receptor Expression in Different Functional Subsets of Human Peripheral T Cells. Flow Cytometry Studies With anti-A2A Receptor Monoclonal Antibodies

M Koshiba et al. Mol Pharmacol. .

Abstract

Signaling through A2A adenosine receptors (A2AR) regulates T lymphocyte expansion and modulates T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated effector functions in vitro. To understand the role of A2ARs in the regulation of immune response, we investigated the expression levels of this receptor in different functional lymphocyte subsets. Monoclonal anti-A2AR antibody was used to develop a flow cytometric assay to quantify the expression A2ARs on lymphocytes. We report that detectable levels of expression of A2ARs are much higher among T cells than B cells. More CD4(+) than CD8(+) T cells express A2ARs, but activation of T cells increases A2AR expression, predominantly in CD8(+) T cells. No significant differences were found in the proportion of A2AR+ cells between CD8(low) and CD8(high) T cells or between TCR/CD3(low) and TCR/CD3(high) T cells. Studies of T helper cell subsets (TH1 and TH2) reveal that lymphokine-producing cells are much more likely to express A2ARs than are cells that do not produce lymphokines. These results suggest that A2ARs are variably expressed on T cell subsets and may regulate cytokine production in activated T lymphocytes.

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