Low vitamin K intake effects on glucose tolerance in rats

Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1999 Jan;69(1):27-31. doi: 10.1024/0300-9831.69.1.27.

Abstract

To investigate the effects of vitamin K (VK) on pancreatic function, intravenous glucose tolerance tests were performed in rats fed with and without low VK diet (including less than 20% required vitamin K1). Plasma glucose and immuno-reactive insulin (IRI) were determined. It was found that at 0 min., plasma glucose and IRI levels in low VK group were slightly less than in the control (glucose, 204.5 +/- 21.7 vs. 229 +/- 19.6 mg/dl, IRI, 6.6 +/- 1.3 vs. 9.3 +/- 1.8 ng/ml mean +/- SEM). At 3 min. after glucose administration, plasma glucose was higher (391.8 +/- 25.6 vs. 371.8 +/- 18.7 mg/dl) and IRI, lower (11.8 +/- 2.1 vs. 18.2 +/- 3.6 ng/ml) in the low VK group. The disappearance rate of plasma glucose in the low VK group at 5-10 min. was significantly less than in the control (6.7 +/- 2.2 vs. 11.9 +/- 1.8 mg/dl/min.). Incremental IRI area at 0 to 5 min. in the low VK group is less than in the control (15.2 +/- 4.4 vs. 25.0 +/- 9.1 ng/ml/min.), but at 5-60 min. and 0-60 min., it was found to be significantly higher compared to the control (210.3 +/- 55.2 vs. 32.5 +/- 47.1 ng/ml/min. at 5-60 min.). Dietary low VK intake would thus appear to induce a tendency of poor early insulin response, and late hyperinsulinemia to the glucose load in rats.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Glucose / administration & dosage
  • Glucose Tolerance Test*
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Insulin / blood
  • Kinetics
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Vitamin K / administration & dosage*
  • Vitamin K / metabolism
  • Vitamin K Deficiency / blood

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Vitamin K
  • Glucose