Patients with fat intolerance complain of early satiety, bloating, nausea, and vomiting. Since these symptoms are similar to those of patients with postgastrectomy dumping syndrome, we hypothesized that fat intolerance may be associated with early, rapid gastric emptying. Using a three-meal gastric emptying study, we compared gastric emptying in nine patients with a history of fat intolerance and nine normal volunteers. On three separate days, 500-ml radiolabeled test meals containing 0, 15, or 60 g of fat were studied. The percentages of the test meal emptied at 15 and 60 min were analyzed by repeated measures two-way ANOVA. At 15 min (p < 0.05) but not 60 min, gastric emptying was faster in patients than normals. Gastric emptying at 15 min (p < 0.001) and 60 min (p < 0.001) depended on the dose of fat. We conclude that fat intolerance is associated with early, rapid gastric emptying.