Crack-cocaine-associated aortic dissection in early pregnancy--a case report

Angiology. 1999 Feb;50(2):163-8. doi: 10.1177/000331979905000212.


Even though uncommon in pregnancy, aortic dissection is a potentially catastrophic vascular complication, occurring mainly in the late stages of pregnancy. Vascular events, including aortic dissection are recognized complications of crack-cocaine use. The authors report a case of aortic dissection in early pregnancy related to crack-cocaine use. They believe that the combined effects of pregnancy and crack cocaine on the vasculature create the requisite milieu potentiating such catastrophic events as aortic dissection. This paper reviews the possible underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms and the available diagnostic, therapeutic, and management options.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aneurysm, False / diagnostic imaging
  • Aneurysm, False / etiology
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / etiology*
  • Aortic Dissection / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Dissection / etiology*
  • Aortography
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Crack Cocaine*
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal
  • Female
  • Fetal Death
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular* / diagnostic imaging


  • Crack Cocaine