Comparison of the effectiveness of levofloxacin and amoxicillin-clavulanate for the treatment of acute sinusitis in adults

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999 Mar;120(3):320-7. doi: 10.1016/S0194-5998(99)70269-X.

Abstract

In this comparative trial, outpatients with acute sinusitis were randomly assigned to receive levofloxacin (500 mg orally once daily) or amoxicillin-clavulanate (500/125 mg orally 3 times daily) for 10 to 14 days. The success rates (cured and improved) 2 to 5 days after the end of treatment were 88.4% for the 267 clinically evaluable patients who received levofloxacin and 87.3% for the 268 clinically evaluable patients who received amoxicillin-clavulanate. Drug-related adverse events occurred in a smaller percentage of patients in the levofloxacin treatment group (7.4%) than in the amoxicillin-clavulanate treatment group (21.2%). The most common of these were nausea, diarrhea, vaginitis, and abdominal pain for levofloxacin-treated patients and diarrhea, vaginitis, nausea, genital moniliasis, abdominal pain, vomiting, and flatulence for amoxicillin-clavulanate-treated patients. The results of this study show that once-daily administration of levofloxacin is as effective and better tolerated than amoxicillin-clavulanate administered 3 times daily for treating acute sinusitis in adult outpatients.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Administration, Oral
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / chemically induced
  • Humans
  • Levofloxacin*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ofloxacin / therapeutic use*
  • Sinusitis / drug therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vaginitis / chemically induced

Substances

  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Levofloxacin
  • Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
  • Ofloxacin