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Review
, 134 (3), 368-70

Adrenal Suppression in Children With the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Treated With Megestrol Acetate

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Review

Adrenal Suppression in Children With the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Treated With Megestrol Acetate

J A Stockheim et al. J Pediatr.

Abstract

Symptoms and laboratory evidence of adrenal suppression developed in 2 children with the human immunodeficiency virus after megestrol acetate (MA) therapy was discontinued; both required transient glucocorticoid replacement therapy. High-dose corticotropin stimulation testing performed on children with the human immunodeficiency virus treated or not treated with MA showed that baseline and post-corticotropin cortisol levels were extremely low in 7 of 10 treated patients and normal in 10 of 10 members of a control group (P <.01). MA may suppress adrenal function, and replacement glucocorticoids may prevent or relieve associated symptoms at times of severe stress or on discontinuation of MA therapy.

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