Since no data are available concerning fatty acid (FA) transport in neutrophils we studied the presence of possible FA carriers. The kFA-p34 complex, composed of S100A8 and S100A9, has been implicated in the intracellular transport of arachidonic acid and its precursors in human keratinocytes. Here, we show that FA-p34 is the major FA carrier in human neutrophils (nFA-p34). The complex is highly expressed in resting neutrophils (2.65% of cytosolic proteins) and translocates to the membrane fraction upon stimulation with opsonized zymosan. Comparison of purified nFA-p34 with kFA-p34 shows that both complexes are composed of nearly the same subunits and possess similar binding properties for oleic acid. Densitometrical analyses of 2D gels show that n and kFA-p34 contain twice as much S100A8 and S100A9 suggesting an estimated stoichiometry of (S100A8)2S100A9. A method is described allowing to distinguish n and kFA-p34 from S100A8/S100A9 homo- and heteromer complexes that are devoid of FA-binding properties. After solvent extraction, we find by GC analysis linoleic acid as major endogenous ligand of purified kFA-p34. Our results suggest that nFA-p34, might be involved in the shuttling of unsaturated FA between the cytosol and the plasma membrane of neutrophils.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.