Age-related changes in antioxidant enzyme activities in the small intestine and liver from Wistar rats

Exp Anim. 1998 Oct;47(4):247-52. doi: 10.1538/expanim.47.247.


The present study was designed to determine age-related changes in intestinal and hepatic antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and lipid peroxidation in male Wistar rats (n = 8) aged 2 wk, 2.5 mon, 5 mon, 10 mon, and 23 mon. In the small intestine, cytosolic SOD, GSH-PX activities and lipid peroxidation were not affected by age, but intestinal GST activity was noticeably enhanced as age increased. In particular, intestinal GST activity in 23 mon old rats was 3 times as strong as that in 2 wk old rats. In the liver, the activity of hepatic cytosolic SOD was not affected by age, whereas GSH-PX and GST activities in rats aged 10 mon and 23 mon were much stronger than those in rats aged 2 wk, 2.5 mon, and 5 mon. The increased lipid peroxidation in 2.5 mon and 5 mon old rats was observed when compared with that of other groups. It is therefore concluded from the results presented here that age greatly increases GST activity in the small intestinal mucosae and increasing GSH-PX, GST activities and lipid peroxidation in the liver from male Wistar rats.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / metabolism*
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism*
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism*
  • Intestine, Small / enzymology*
  • Lipid Peroxidation / physiology
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Male
  • Mucous Membrane / enzymology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism*


  • Antioxidants
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Glutathione Transferase