Objective: To perform flow cytometric and immunohistochemical analysis of early gastric carcinoma in order to investigate the clinical value of DNA ploidy, Ki-67 and p53 as indicators of lymph node metastasis.
Study design: We studied 108 cases of surgically resected early gastric carcinoma, which comprised 21 cases showing positive lymph node metastasis (group A) and 87 cases showing negative lymph node metastasis (group B).
Results: Aneuploidy was seen in 16 cases (76.2%) in group A in contrast to 10 cases (11.5%) in group B (P = .0029). The mean value of the Ki-67 labeling rate in all cases was 21.9%, and 15 cases (79.0%) showed a Ki-67 labeling rate of more than 21.9% in group A, while they numbered 31 (37.4%) in group B (P = .0016). Cases with cell positive for p53 protein numbered 15 (75%) in group A, while they numbered 38 (46%) in group B (P = .0460).
Conclusion: DNA aneuploidy, a high labeling rate of Ki-67 and overexpression of p53 are all useful indicators of lymph node metastasis in patients with early gastric carcinoma.