Identification of caspases that cleave presenilin-1 and presenilin-2. Five presenilin-1 (PS1) mutations do not alter the sensitivity of PS1 to caspases

FEBS Lett. 1999 Feb 19;445(1):149-54. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(99)00108-8.

Abstract

Mutations in the presenilin (PS) genes PSI and PS2 are involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, apoptosis-associated cleavage of PS proteins was identified. Here we demonstrate that PS1 as well as PS2 are substrates for different members of the caspase protein family. Remarkably, the caspases acting on PS1 could be subdivided in two groups. One group, containing caspase-8, -6 and -11, cleaved PSI after residues ENDD329 and to a lesser extent after residues AQRD341. A second group consisting of caspase-3, -7 and -1 acted uniquely on AQRD341. Importantly, these two cleavage sites were also recognized by caspases in the C-terminal PS1 fragment produced by constitutive proteolysis. In decreasing order of activity, caspase-8, -3, -1, -6 and -7 proteolysed PS2 at the recognition site D326SYD329. Caspase-8 and -3 exhibited the highest proteolytic activity on both PS1 and PS2. PS1 and PS2 were not hydrolyzed by caspase-2 and PS2 also not by caspase-11. None of five missense mutations affected the sensitivity of PSI to caspase-mediated cleavage. This suggests that AD pathogenesis associated with PS1 missense mutations cannot be explained by a change in caspase-dependent processing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Caspases / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Presenilin-1
  • Presenilin-2
  • Rabbits

Substances

  • Membrane Proteins
  • PSEN1 protein, human
  • PSEN2 protein, human
  • Presenilin-1
  • Presenilin-2
  • Caspases