Criteria for reperfusion therapy in acute myocardial infarction require the presence of ST elevation in 2 contiguous leads. However, many patients with myocardial infarction do not show these changes on a routine 12-lead electrocardiogram and hence are denied reperfusion therapy. Posterior chest leads (V7 to V9) were recorded in 58 patients with clinically suspected myocardial infarction, but nondiagnostic routine electrocardiogram. ST elevation >0.1 mV or Q waves in > or =2 posterior chest leads were considered to be diagnostic of posterior myocardial infarction. Eighteen patients had these changes of posterior myocardial infarction. All 18 patients were confirmed to have myocardial infarction by creatine phosphokinase criteria or cardiac catheterization. Of the 17 patients who had cardiac catheterization, 16 had left circumflex as the culprit vessel. We conclude that posterior chest leads should be routinely recorded in patients with suspected myocardial infarction and nondiagnostic, routine electrocardiogram. This simple bedside technique may help proper treatment of some of these patients now classified as having unstable angina or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction.