Escherichia coli O157:H7 gastroenteritis and the hemolytic uremic syndrome: an emerging infectious disease

Annu Rev Med. 1999;50:355-67. doi: 10.1146/annurev.med.50.1.355.

Abstract

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an increasingly common cause of a variety of illnesses, including bloody diarrhea and the hemolytic uremic syndrome. This emerging infectious agent was first identified in 1982 and has been isolated with increasing frequency since then. This chapter reviews the epidemiology, clinical spectrum, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infections with E. coli O157:H7.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diarrhea / drug therapy
  • Diarrhea / microbiology
  • Diarrhea / physiopathology
  • Diarrhea / prevention & control
  • Escherichia coli Infections / diagnosis*
  • Escherichia coli Infections / drug therapy
  • Escherichia coli Infections / physiopathology
  • Escherichia coli Infections / prevention & control
  • Escherichia coli Infections / transmission
  • Escherichia coli O157 / classification
  • Escherichia coli O157 / isolation & purification
  • Escherichia coli O157 / physiology*
  • Gastroenteritis / drug therapy
  • Gastroenteritis / microbiology*
  • Gastroenteritis / physiopathology
  • Gastroenteritis / prevention & control
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / drug therapy
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / microbiology
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / physiopathology
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / prevention & control
  • Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / drug therapy
  • Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / microbiology*
  • Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Humans