Functional assessment with electrocardiographic gated single-photon emission computed tomography improves the ability of technetium-99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging to predict myocardial viability in patients undergoing revascularization

Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jan 1;83(1):1-5. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(98)00772-3.


This study evaluates the use of electrocardiographic (ECG) gated single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging for the prediction of viability in patients undergoing revascularization, who have coronary disease and left ventricular dysfunction. Fifty patients underwent technectium-99m (Tc-99m) sestamibi ECG gated SPECT imaging preoperatively at rest and 1 week after revascularization, whereas 36 (72%) also underwent imaging 6 weeks after revascularization. Images were interpreted by the consensus of 3 experienced readers without knowledge of patient identity or time of imaging (pre- or postrevascularization) for perfusion and wall motion using a 17-segment model. Results of perfusion alone were compared with perfusion and wall motion combined. One hundred five coronary artery territories were revascularized, 96 of which were viable and 9 nonviable. Perfusion alone predicted 87 to be viable and 18 nonviable (sensitivity 86%, specificity 55%, positive predictive value 95%, negative predictive value 28%, and overall accuracy 85%). Perfusion and wall motion combined identified 95 territories to be viable (sensitivity 95%; p <0.025; specificity 55%, positive predictive value 96%, negative predictive value 50%, and overall accuracy 91%; p <0.05). Thus, Tc-99m sestamibi ECG gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging at rest allows assessment of both perfusion and wall motion, which significantly improves the sensitivity and overall accuracy for determination of viability in comparison with perfusion alone.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Coronary Disease / complications
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
  • Coronary Disease / therapy
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Gated Blood-Pool Imaging*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Revascularization*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiopharmaceuticals*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi*
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon* / methods
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / etiology
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology*


  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi