Manganese-containing superoxide dismutase and its gene from Candida albicans

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Feb 2;1426(3):409-19. doi: 10.1016/s0304-4165(98)00161-5.


Mitochondrial manganese-containing superoxide dismutase was purified around 112-fold with an overall yield of 1.1% to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity from the dimorphic pathogenic fungus, Candida albicans. The molecular mass of the native enzyme was 106 kDa and the enzyme was composed of four identical subunits with a molecular mass of 26 kDa. The enzyme was not sensitive to either cyanide or hydrogen peroxide. The N-terminal amino acid sequence alignments (up to the 18th residue) showed that the enzyme has high similarity to the other eukaryotic manganese-containing superoxide dismutases. The gene sod2 encoding manganese-containing superoxide dismutase has been cloned using a product obtained from polymerase chain reaction. Sequence analysis of the sod2 predicted a manganese-containing superoxide dismutase that contains 234 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 26173 Da, and displayed 57% sequence identity to the homologue of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The deduced N-terminal 34 amino acid residues may serve as a signal peptide for mitochondrial translocation. Several regulatory elements such as stress responsive element and haem activator protein 2/3/4/5 complex binding sites were identified in the promoter region of sod2. Northern analysis with a probe derived from the cloned sod2 revealed a 0.94-kb band, which corresponds approximately to the expected size of mRNA deduced from sod2.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Candida albicans / enzymology
  • Candida albicans / genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Genes, Fungal*
  • Manganese / analysis*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Superoxide Dismutase / chemistry
  • Superoxide Dismutase / genetics*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / isolation & purification


  • Manganese
  • Superoxide Dismutase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF031478