Induction of tumor antigen-specific immunity using plasmid DNA immunization in mice

Cancer Gene Ther. Jan-Feb 1999;6(1):73-80. doi: 10.1038/sj.cgt.7700020.


We have evaluated the ability of bioballistic "gene gun" immunization of mice with plasmid DNA encoding clinically relevant tumor antigens to induce protective antitumor immunity. Mice immunized with plasmid cDNA encoding the cervical carcinoma-associated human papillomavirus 16-E7 gene product exhibited potent anti-E7-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and were protected completely against a subsequent challenge with the E7+ C3 sarcoma. Of perhaps greater clinical interest, genetic immunization using cDNA encoding the normal, germline-encoded murine melanosomal protein tyrosinase-related protein-2 (TRP-2) resulted in delayed outgrowth of TRP-2+ B16 melanoma in mice and was associated with an in vivo activation of TRP-2-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Codelivery of plasmid cDNA encoding TRP-2 and the T helper 1-biasing cytokine murine interleukin-12 considerably enhanced the antitumor efficacy of these gene-based melanoma vaccines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Cancer Vaccines / therapeutic use*
  • Cricetinae
  • Female
  • Genetic Therapy*
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-12 / genetics
  • Intramolecular Oxidoreductases / genetics
  • Intramolecular Oxidoreductases / immunology
  • Melanoma, Experimental / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral / genetics*
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral / immunology
  • Papillomavirus E7 Proteins
  • Plasmids / administration & dosage
  • Plasmids / therapeutic use
  • Sarcoma, Experimental / immunology
  • Sarcoma, Experimental / prevention & control
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology
  • Time Factors
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Cancer Vaccines
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral
  • Papillomavirus E7 Proteins
  • oncogene protein E7, Human papillomavirus type 16
  • Interleukin-12
  • Intramolecular Oxidoreductases
  • dopachrome isomerase