Human ligands of the Notch receptor

Am J Pathol. 1999 Mar;154(3):785-94. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65325-4.


During development, the Notch signaling pathway is essential for the appropriate differentiation of many cell types in organisms across the phylogenetic scale, including humans. Notch signaling is also implicated in human diseases, including a leukemia and two hereditary syndromes known as Alagille and CADASIL. To generate tools for pursuing the role of the Notch pathway in human disease and development, we have cloned and analyzed the expression of three human homologues of the Notch ligands Delta and Serrate, human Jagged1 (HJ1), human Jagged2 (HJ2), and human Delta1 (H-Delta-1), and determined their chromosomal localizations. We have also raised antibodies to HJ1, and used these antibodies in conjunction with in situ hybridization to examine the expression of these ligands in normal and cancerous cervical tissue. We find that, as reported previously for Notch, the ligands are up-regulated in certain neoplastic tissues. This observation is consistent with the notion that Notch signaling is an important element in these pathogenic conditions, raising the possibility that modulation of Notch activity could be used to influence the fate of the cells and offering a conceivable therapeutic avenue.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence / genetics
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cervix Uteri / metabolism
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Jagged-1 Protein
  • Jagged-2 Protein
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Reference Values
  • Serrate-Jagged Proteins
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism


  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • JAG1 protein, human
  • JAG2 protein, human
  • Jagged-1 Protein
  • Jagged-2 Protein
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Serrate-Jagged Proteins
  • delta protein

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF003521
  • GENBANK/AF003522
  • GENBANK/U61276