Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sco1p is believed to be involved in the transfer of copper from the carrier Cox17p to the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunits 1 and 2. We here report on the results of a mutational analysis of Sco1p. The two cysteine residues of a potential metal-binding motif (CxxxC) are essential for protein function as shown by their substitution by alanines. Chimeras consisting of Sco1p and its homolog S. cerevisiae Sco2p restrict the specificity of Sco1p function to the N-terminal half of the protein. A candidate region for conferring specificity on Sco1p is a stretch of hydrophobic amino acids, which act as a membrane anchor. In line with this suggestion is the result that alterations of individual amino acids within this region impair Sco1p function.