Quantifying tissue damage due to focused ultrasound heating observed by MRI

Magn Reson Med. 1999 Feb;41(2):321-8. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1522-2594(199902)41:2<321::aid-mrm16>3.0.co;2-9.


Focused ultrasound heating of ex vivo bovine kidney and liver was monitored using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the quantitative relationship between time-dependent temperature elevations and altered contrast in MR images due to thermal coagulation. Proton resonance frequency shift MR thermometry was performed during heating at 10 sec intervals (single-slice fast spoiled GRASS [FSPGR], theta/TE/TR 30 degrees/11/39 msec, field of view 8 cm, 256 x 256, 3 mm slice thickness, 1 NEX); post-heating MR images were T1-weighted (3D-FSPGR, theta/TE/TR 60 degrees/25/200 msec, 1 mm slice thickness, 3 NEX). Analysis of the resulting temperature versus time data using the Arrhenius relationship and a simple binary discrimination model showed that thermal coagulation occurred with heating at approximately 54 degrees C for 10 sec in both tissues and could be predicted with approximately 625 microm spatial resolution. These results suggest that quantitative MR guidance of thermal coagulation therapy is feasible, and they provide information useful for designing future investigations in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Hot Temperature / adverse effects
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Kidney / chemistry
  • Kidney / injuries*
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Liver / chemistry
  • Liver / injuries*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy*
  • Ultrasonic Therapy / adverse effects*