Integrin Signal Transduction in Myeloid Leukocytes

J Leukoc Biol. 1999 Mar;65(3):313-20. doi: 10.1002/jlb.65.3.313.

Abstract

Integrin-mediated adhesion serves as a powerful costimulus for neutrophil activation. Clustering of integrins at the leukocyte membrane by interaction with surface-bound ligands (extracellular matrix proteins or endothelial cell counter-receptors) leads to a number of signaling events that culminate in actin cytoskeletal rearrangement and neutrophil functional responses such as migration, degranulation, and respiratory burst. Although the signaling reactions elicited by integrin ligation are complex and the relative contribution of each pathway to neutrophil function is unclear, a large body of evidence suggests that activation of tyrosine kinases is a very proximal event in these signaling cascades. This review summarizes the role of adhesion in activating neutrophil functional properties and the contribution of leukocyte tyrosine kinases to regulation of integrin signaling in myeloid cells. Significant advances in our understanding of leukocyte integrin signaling have been afforded by studies using knockout mice lacking members of the Src-family of tyrosine kinases normally expressed in myeloid cells. These studies have demonstrated that these kinases (Hck, Fgr, and Lyn) are not required for myeloid cell development or for many of the functional properties of myeloid cells but are critical in controlling integrin-mediated signaling events. Absence of these kinases results in impaired adhesion-dependent neutrophil activation both in vivo and in vitro. These studies suggest that leukocyte-specific tyrosine kinases may be good therapeutic targets for controlling myeloid cell-dependent inflammatory disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Integrins / metabolism*
  • Leukocytes / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Signal Transduction*
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism*

Substances

  • Integrins
  • src-Family Kinases