Climatic and environmental patterns associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Four Corners region, United States

Emerg Infect Dis. Jan-Feb 1999;5(1):87-94. doi: 10.3201/eid0501.990110.


To investigate climatic, spatial, temporal, and environmental patterns associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) cases in the Four Corners region, we collected exposure site data for HPS cases that occurred in 1993 to 1995. Cases clustered seasonally and temporally by biome type and geographic location, and exposure sites were most often found in pinyon-juniper woodlands, grasslands, and Great Basin desert scrub lands, at elevations of 1,800 m to 2,500 m. Environmental factors (e.g., the dramatic increase in precipitation associated with the 1992 to 1993 El Niño) may indirectly increase the risk for Sin Nombre virus exposure and therefore may be of value in designing disease prevention campaigns.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Climate*
  • Ecology*
  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome / etiology
  • Humans
  • Peromyscus / virology*
  • Population Density
  • Risk Factors
  • Seasons
  • Southwestern United States / epidemiology