Discrimination learning of 100% sinusoidal amplitude modulated tones (AM) was investigated in adult Mongolian gerbils using a footshock motivated shuttle box avoidance go/no go paradigm. AM stimuli to be discriminated had identical carrier frequency (2 kHz) but differed in modulation frequency (fm) by one octave. Six groups of gerbils were trained to discriminate AM-pairs with fm ranging from 10 to 640 Hz. Learning proceeded faster and discrimination performance was slightly better for low fm, up to 80 Hz, than for high fm, above 80 Hz. These results may be related to cortical AM encoding (Schulze, H. and Langner, G., J. Comp. Physiol. A, 181 (1997) 651-663), which is temporal for low fm (synchrony code) and spatial for high fm (rate-place code). This may implicate different neuronal learning strategies or distinct behavioral meanings influencing the discrimination training.