Changes in brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) with age were recorded in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) at the age of 1-2, 6-8 and 10-12 years. The auditory function was assessed by thresholds, latencies and amplitudes of BAEPs evoked by use of tone burst stimulations with audible frequencies ranging from 1 to 99 kHz. Prolongation of the latencies of later waves was observed in the animals at the age of 6-8 and 10-12 years at high frequencies, suggesting that aging in marmosets, as reported previously in humans and other animals, may cause earlier hearing loss at high frequency than at low frequency within the hearing range. At 10-12 years of age, the elevations of BAEP thresholds and the declines of BAEP amplitudes in older animals were also observed. As the differences in the parameters are small, it was suggested that only a moderate hearing loss occurred with onset late in life in common marmoset similar to that in CBA/Ca mice. Based on the results obtained in this study, BAEP latencies appear to be more sensitive indicators than BAEP thresholds and amplitudes for the early detection of hearing impairment.