Inferences on the kinetics of asbestos deposition and clearance among chrysotile miners and millers

Am J Ind Med. 1999 Apr;35(4):401-12. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0274(199904)35:4<401::aid-ajim12>;2-4.


Background: The health effects of asbestos are intimately related to the fate of inhaled fibers in the lungs. The kinetics of asbestos fibers have been studied primarily in rodents. The objective of this study was to explore the application of these kinetic models to human autopsy data.

Methods: We analyzed the asbestos fiber content of the lungs of 72 Quebec chrysotile miners and millers and 49 control subjects using analytical transmission electron microscopy. Statistical methods included standard multivariate linear regression and locally weighted regression methods.

Results: The lung burdens of asbestos bodies and chrysotile and tremolite fibers were correlated, as were the concentrations of short, medium, and long fibers of each asbestos variety. There were significant associations between the duration of occupational exposure and the burdens of chrysotile and tremolite. The concentration of chrysotile decreased with the time since last exposure but the concentration of tremolite did not. The clearance rate varied inversely with the length of chrysotile fibers. For fibers greater than 10 mu in length the clearance half-time was estimated to be 8 years.

Conclusions: The patterns in our data are compatible with both of the hypotheses suggested from rodent experiments; the existence of a long-term sequestration compartment and overload of clearance mechanisms in this compartment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Asbestos, Amphibole / pharmacokinetics*
  • Asbestos, Serpentine / pharmacokinetics*
  • Asbestosis / metabolism
  • Asbestosis / pathology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Male
  • Mesothelioma / metabolism
  • Mesothelioma / pathology*
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Middle Aged
  • Mineral Fibers
  • Mining
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Regression Analysis


  • Asbestos, Amphibole
  • Asbestos, Serpentine
  • Mineral Fibers
  • tremolite