Purification and properties of an alginate lyase from a marine bacterium

Biochem J. 1976 Dec 1;159(3):707-13. doi: 10.1042/bj1590707.

Abstract

An unidentified pseudomonad isolated by enrichment procedures from decomposing seaweed was grown in defined medium containing sodium alginate as the sole carbon source. The alginate lyase recovered from disrupted bacterial cells was purified by a procedure of (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. From sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel-electrophoresis experiments a mol.wt. of about 50 000 was determined. The enzyme was active against both algal and bacterial alginate preparations. Kinetic studies together with analysis of the unsaturated oligouronide products of alginate lyase action indicated the enzyme was specific for guluronic acid-containing regions of the macromolecular substrate. The specificity of the enzyme can be used to give information about the primary composition of alginate samples.

MeSH terms

  • Alginates
  • Glucuronates / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Weight
  • Polysaccharide-Lyases / isolation & purification*
  • Pseudomonadaceae / enzymology*
  • Uronic Acids / metabolism

Substances

  • Alginates
  • Glucuronates
  • Uronic Acids
  • Polysaccharide-Lyases