Gastroesophageal reflux disease: diagnosis and management

Am Fam Physician. 1999 Mar 1;59(5):1161-9, 1199.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic, relapsing condition with associated morbidity and an adverse impact on quality of life. The disease is common, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 25 to 35 percent in the U.S. population. GERD can usually be diagnosed based on the clinical presentation alone. In some patients, however, the diagnosis may require endoscopy and, rarely, ambulatory pH monitoring. Management includes lifestyle modifications and pharmacologic therapy; refractory disease requires surgery. The therapeutic goals are to control symptoms, heal esophagitis and maintain remission so that morbidity is decreased and quality of life is improved.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Drug Interactions
  • Esophagitis, Peptic / etiology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / drug therapy
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / epidemiology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / physiopathology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Prevalence
  • Recurrence
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Teaching Materials
  • United States / epidemiology