An in-vitro method for buccal adhesion studies: importance of instrument variables

Int J Pharm. 1999 Mar 25;180(1):47-57. doi: 10.1016/s0378-5173(98)00402-5.


A method using a texture analyzer equipment and chicken pouch as the biological tissue was investigated for measuring the bioadhesive properties of polymers under simulated buccal conditions. The method was evaluated using two polymers, namely Carbopol 974P and Methocel K4M while the instrument variables studied included the contact force, contact time and speed of withdrawal of the probe from the tissue. The parameters measured were the work of adhesion and peak detachment force. Longer contact time and faster probe speed not only gave better reproducibility of results, but also better sensitivities for both parameters measured. On the other hand, a certain level of contact force was found essential for achieving good bioadhesion, above which there was no further contribution to the bioadhesion process. When the method was applied to determine the bioadhesiveness of several polymers, the values obtained for the work of adhesion and peak detachment force were quite consistent in the ranking of the polymers. The Carbopols were found to have the highest values, followed by gelatin, sodium carboxymethyl celluloses and hydroxypropylmethyl celluloses. On the other hand, Alginic acid, Eudragit RLPO and RSPO, and Chitosan appeared to have low bioadhesive values.

MeSH terms

  • Adhesives*
  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Chickens
  • Mucous Membrane / metabolism
  • Polymers* / metabolism
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Technology, Pharmaceutical / instrumentation*


  • Adhesives
  • Polymers