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, 38 (12), 3694-703

The Heme Component of the Neutrophil NADPH Oxidase Complex Is a Target for Aryliodonium Compounds

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The Heme Component of the Neutrophil NADPH Oxidase Complex Is a Target for Aryliodonium Compounds

J Doussiere et al. Biochemistry.

Abstract

The redox core of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase complex is a membrane-bound flavocytochrome b in which FAD and heme b are the two prosthetic redox groups. Both FAD and heme b are able to react with diphenylene iodonium (DPI) and iodonium biphenyl (IBP), two inhibitors of NADPH oxidase activity. In this study, we show that the iodonium modification of heme b contributes predominantly to the inhibition of NADPH oxidase. This conclusion is based on the finding that both iodonium compounds decreased the absorbance of the Soret peak of flavocytochrome b in neutrophil membranes incubated with NADPH, and that this decrease was strictly correlated with the loss of oxidase activity. Furthermore, the heme component of purified flavocytochrome b reduced to no more than 95% by a limited amount of sodium dithionite could be oxidized by DPI or IBP. Butylisocyanide which binds to heme iron precludes heme b oxidation. In activated neutrophil membranes, competitive inhibition of O2 uptake by DPI or IBP occurred transiently and was followed by a noncompetitive inhibition. These results, together with those of EPR spectroscopy experiments, lead us to postulate that DPI or IBP first captures an electron from the reduced heme iron of flavocytochrome b to generate a free radical. Then, the binding of this radical to the proximate environment of the heme iron, most probably on the porphyrin ring, results in inhibition of oxidase activity. In the presence of an excess of sodium dithionite, DPI and IBP produced a biphasic decrease of the Soret band of flavocytochrome b, with a break in the dose effect curve occurring at 50% of the absorbance loss. This was consistent with the presence of two hemes in flavocytochrome b that differ by their sensitivity to DPI or IBP.

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