Background: TNP-470 (AGM-1470) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis with potential therapeutic applications in neoplastic and angio-proliferative diseases. This study evaluated its effect on cutaneous wound healing in a murine dorsal excisional wound model.
Materials and methods: Full-thickness wounds (1.60 cm2) were created on the dorsum of homozygous/hairless mice (7 to 9 weeks). Wound areas were measured on alternate days for 16 days. Experimental groups consisted of (1) TNP-470 administered in doses of 0.05, 0.5, and 5.0 mg/kg on Days 0, 2, and 4 or Days 0 through 6; (2) TNP-470 (5.0 mg/kg) coadministered with minocycline (4.0 and 10 mg/kg) on Days 0, 2, and 4; and (3) TNP-470 (5.0 mg/kg on Days 0, 2, and 4) coadministered with topical basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) 1. 0 microg/wound on Days 0, 1, and 2. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to compare experimental and control wounds.
Results: TNP-470 administration significantly decreased wound healing in a dose-dependent manner versus controls (P <.05). The 5.0 mg/kg concentration yielded the greatest effect by maintaining an average wound area 20.4% greater than controls and a marked delay in wound healing on H&E staining. Alternate-day dosing was as effective as consecutive day administration. Minocycline did not augment the wound healing inhibition of TNP-470. Coadministration of TNP-470 and bFGF eliminated any rate-altering effect of TNP-470 upon wound healing and resulted in wound areas similar to controls.
Conclusion: Therapy with TNP-470 induces a significant delay in murine cutaneous wound healing. This effect may be exploited for use in situations where wound healing is excessive and debilitating. Topical application of bFGF can overcome TNP-470-induced wound healing inhibition.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.