Specificity of finger pulse volume feedback during relaxation

Biofeedback Self Regul. 1976 Dec;1(4):433-43. doi: 10.1007/BF00998775.


The effect of biofeedback during brief periods of relaxation was examined. Two groups (10 subjects in each group) were asked to relax as completely as possible during a series of six 3-minute relaxation periods in each of two 1-hr sessions. One group received biofeedback based on finger pulse volume (FPV) during the relaxation trials, while the other group received no biofeedback. Measures of heart rate, respiration rate, skin conductance level, and FPV were recorded during the sessions, and subjective ratings concerning relaxation were obtained after each session. The results showed that FPV scores for the groups differed during the relaxation trials of the second session, but other measures failed to distinguish between the groups. The group that received FPV feedback revealed a significantly higher level of FPV (relative to baseline) than the group that received no feedback.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biofeedback, Psychology / physiology*
  • Female
  • Galvanic Skin Response
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pulse*
  • Relaxation*
  • Respiration