Frequent allelic loss at the TOC locus on 17q25.1 in primary breast cancers

Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1999 Apr;24(4):345-50. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1098-2264(199904)24:4<345::aid-gcc8>;2-q.


Sporadic breast cancers often show allelic losses on the long arm of chromosome 17. Since the BRCA1 gene lies at 17q21.1 and the TOC locus, associated with esophageal cancer, lies at 17q25.1, either gene could be the target of those losses. We examined both loci in 178 primary breast cancers, using microsatellite markers covering the relevant regions of 17q, and observed allelic losses in 97 tumors (55%). Losses were most frequent at markers around the TOC locus (48% at D7S1839 and 43% at D17S1603), where we identified a distinct commonly deleted region within a I -cM interval. Another larger, separate commonly deleted region including the BRCA1 gene was also identified, which exhibited 45% of allelic loss (at D17S934). Allelic loss on 17q was more frequent in tumors of the solid-tubular histologic type (P = 0.0129) and in estrogen-negative and progesterone-negative tumors (P = 0.0281 and 0.0196, respectively). The results indicated that BRCA1 and TOC are independent targets of allelic loss on 17q in primary breast cancers, and that inactivation of the TOC locus in particular may play an important role in the genesis of sporadic breast tumors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • BRCA1 Protein / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 / genetics*
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Loss of Heterozygosity / genetics


  • BRCA1 Protein