Current Classification of the Oral Streptococci

Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1998 Aug;13(4):195-216. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-302x.1998.tb00698.x.


The classification of the oral streptococci has long remained a difficult area of streptococcal taxonomy. This article reviews the current classification of these bacteria into four species groups, and each group is described in detail. The often confusing changes that have taken place in the classification, identification and nomenclature of the member species are reviewed against a historical background of gradually improving techniques and approaches, leading towards a natural classification based primarily on genotypic evidence. Identification schemes currently in use employing biochemical tests are also reviewed, together with alternative molecular approaches.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Genotype
  • Mouth / microbiology*
  • Streptococcus / chemistry
  • Streptococcus / classification*
  • Streptococcus / genetics
  • Terminology as Topic