Australia's notifiable diseases status, 1997. Annual report of the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System

Commun Dis Intell. 1999 Jan 21;23(1):1-27.


In 1997 there were 89,579 notifications to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. A notable feature of 1997 was the pertussis outbreak which peaked towards the end of the year and resulted in 10,668 cases being notified. The highest number of notifications received was for hepatitis C (unspecified) with 19,692 notifications; this is the first year for which data have been reported for New South Wales and South Australia for this disease category. The number of measles cases rose after the low number reported in 1996 but is still well below the number reported in the outbreak years of 1993 and 1994. Rubella notifications continued to decline in 1997. Notifications of Haemophilus influenzae type b appeared to have stabilised at a low rate, having declined markedly after introduction of the conjugated vaccine in 1992. The number of cases of campylobacteriosis remained steady after having risen for several years. Notifications of hepatitis A cases rose considerably, much of this being due to one outbreak in New South Wales. The number of cases of salmonellosis rose while shigellosis numbers dropped slightly. Notifications for chlamydial infection and gonococcal infection continued to rise, whilst those for syphilis continued to fall.

MeSH terms

  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Communicable Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Disease Notification*
  • Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Morbidity
  • Population Surveillance / methods*
  • Residence Characteristics