Ligand recognition and domain structure of Vps10p, a vacuolar protein sorting receptor in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Eur J Biochem. 1999 Mar;260(2):461-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.1999.00176.x.

Abstract

Vp10p is a receptor that sorts several different vacuolar proteins by cycling between a late Golgi compartment and the endosome. The cytoplasmic tail of Vps10p is necessary for the recycling, whereas the lumenal domain is predicted to interact with the soluble ligands. We have studied ligand binding to Vps10p by introducing deletions in the lumenal region. This region contains two domains with homology to each other. Domain 2 binds carboxypeptidase Y (CPY), proteinase A (PrA) and hybrids of these proteases with invertase. Moreover, we show that aminopeptidase Y (APY) is a ligand of Vps10p. The native proteases compete for binding to domain 2. Binding of CPY(156)-invertase or PrA(137)-invertase, on the other hand, do not interfere with binding of CPY to Vps10p. Furthermore, the Q24RPL27 sequence known to be important for vacuolar sorting of CPY, is of little importance in the Vps10p-dependent sorting of CPY-invertase. Apparently, domain 2 contains two different binding sites; one for APY, CPY and PrA, and one for CPY-invertase and PrA-invertase. The latter interaction seems not to be sequence specific, and we suggest that an unfolded structure in these ligands is recognized by Vps10p.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminopeptidases / metabolism
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases / metabolism
  • Biological Transport
  • Carboxypeptidases / metabolism
  • Cathepsin A
  • Escherichia coli
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Protein Folding
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / chemistry
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Vacuoles / chemistry
  • Vacuoles / metabolism*
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins*
  • beta-Fructofuranosidase

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins
  • Ligands
  • PEP1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • beta-Fructofuranosidase
  • Carboxypeptidases
  • Aminopeptidases
  • lysyl aminopeptidase
  • Cathepsin A
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases
  • aspergillopepsin II