New lines of host defense: inhibition of Ty1 retrotransposition by Fus3p and NER/TFIIH

Trends Genet. 1999 Feb;15(2):43-5. doi: 10.1016/s0168-9525(98)01643-6.


The genomes of all organisms examined contain transposons whose uncontrolled movement threatens genome function. Fortunately, host cells have evolved defense mechanisms to minimize the level of transposition. In this review we discuss recent work showing that proteins involved in signal transduction and RNA transcription/DNA repair inhibit Ty1 retrotransposition in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. On the basis of these examples, we hypothesize that the level of Ty1 retrotransposition may be modulated in response to environmental stress signals that affect cellular differentiation and DNA repair.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • DNA Repair
  • DNA Transposable Elements*
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / physiology*
  • Genome, Fungal
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases*
  • Models, Genetic
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • FUS3 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases