Angiogenesis contributes to the growth and secondary spreading of solid tumours. Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF) is identified as such an angiogenic factor. In the present study, the prognosis of the patients with high PD-ECGF uterine cervical cancers was worse than those with low PD-ECGF cancers, and PD-ECGF expression correlated with cellular proliferation and with vascular density and venous invasion in uterine cervical cancers. Therefore, PD-ECGF might contribute to the growth of uterine cervical cancers via angiogenesis related to vascular spreading. Furthermore, PD-ECGF and its mRNA had a wide range and were highly expressed in uterine cervical cancers, especially squamous cell carcinoma, regardless of clinical stage. Therefore, PD-ECGF in uterine cervical cancers might play a role of basic angiogenesis in all processes of advancing of uterine cervical cancers. This indicates that 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine might be highly effective in squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, which possesses a high activity of thymidine phosphorylase to convert 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine to 5-fluorouracil, and that some angiogenic inhibitors of new capillary formation might be effective in the inhibition of tumour growth and spreading associated with angiogenesis.