Discovery of a receptor related to the galanin receptors

FEBS Lett. 1999 Mar 5;446(1):103-7. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(99)00009-5.


We report the isolation of a cDNA clone named GPR54, which encodes a novel G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). A PCR search of rat brain cDNA retrieved a clone partially encoding a GPCR. In a library screening this clone was used to isolate a cDNA with an open reading frame (ORF) encoding a receptor of 396 amino acids long which shared significant identities in the transmembrane regions with rat galanin receptors GalR1 (45%), GalR3 (45%) and GalR2 (44%). Northern blot and in situ hybridization analyses revealed that GPR54 is expressed in brain regions (pons, midbrain, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, cortex, frontal cortex, and striatum) as well as peripheral regions (liver and intestine). In COS cell expression of GPR54 no specific binding was observed for 125I-galanin. A recent BLAST search with the rat GPR54 ORF nucleotide sequence recovered the human orthologue of GPR54 in a 3.5 Mb contig localized to chromosome 19p13.3.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / analysis
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Organ Specificity
  • Rats
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Receptors, Galanin
  • Receptors, Kisspeptin-1
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide / genetics*
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment


  • DNA, Complementary
  • KISS1R protein, human
  • Kiss1r protein, rat
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Receptors, Galanin
  • Receptors, Kisspeptin-1
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide
  • GTP-Binding Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF115516