Signalling by CD95 and TNF receptors: not only life and death

Immunol Cell Biol. 1999 Feb;77(1):41-6. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1711.1999.00800.x.


Members of the TNF family of receptors play important roles in normal physiology and in defence. The recent rapid progress in the understanding of the mechanisms of apoptosis has been accompanied by assumptions that TNF family receptors such as CD95(Fas/APO-1) only have a role in regulating cell survival. While regulation of cell death is one important function of TNF family receptors, they are capable of activating signal transduction pathways that have many other effects. The present review will focus on signalling of some TNF family receptors in the immune system, not only for apoptosis, but also for survival or activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Cell Survival
  • Humans
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases*
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Proteins / immunology
  • Proteins / physiology
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / chemistry
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / immunology*
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / physiology
  • Signal Transduction
  • fas Receptor / chemistry
  • fas Receptor / immunology*
  • fas Receptor / physiology


  • LTBR protein, human
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor
  • NF-kappa B
  • Proteins
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • fas Receptor
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases